Acne & Acne Scars

Haverhill St Andover MA

What is acne?

Acne is a common skin condition that occurs when hair follicles become clogged with oil, dead skin cells, and sometimes bacteria. It is characterized by the formation of various types of lesions on the skin, including pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, and cysts. Meanwhile, acne scars are permanent changes in the texture or appearance of the skin that result from the healing process of acne lesions. During the healing process, the body may produce too much or too little collagen, leading to the formation of scars.

What are the causes of acne?

Excess Sebum Production: Sebaceous glands in the skin produce an oily substance called sebum. Hormonal changes, particularly during adolescence, can lead to an increase in sebum production, contributing to acne development.

Bacterial Infection: P. acnes bacteria on the skin can multiply in clogged hair follicles, leading to inflammation and the formation of red, swollen acne lesions.

Hormonal Changes: Fluctuations in hormones, such as those that occur during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause, can influence sebum production and contribute to the development of acne.

What are the causes of Acne Scars?

Collagen Imbalance: During the healing process, the body may produce too much or too little collagen. Collagen is a protein that provides structure to the skin. An imbalance in collagen production can result in the formation of scars.

Picking or Squeezing Acne Lesions: Manipulating or picking at acne lesions can worsen inflammation and damage the skin, increasing the likelihood of scarring.

Delayed or Inadequate Treatment: Acne that is not effectively treated or managed in its early stages may have a higher likelihood of causing scarring.


Preventing Acne:

  • Keep Your Face Clean: Wash your face twice daily using a mild, fragrance-free cleanser. Avoid scrubbing harshly, as this can irritate the skin.
  • Use Non-Comedogenic Products: Choose skincare and makeup products labeled as non-comedogenic, meaning they are less likely to clog pores.
  • Avoid Touching Your Face: Refrain from touching your face, especially with dirty hands, as it can transfer bacteria and contribute to acne.

Preventing Acne Scars:

  • Early Treatment: Address acne promptly to reduce the risk of scarring. Consult with our staff for appropriate treatment options.
  • Avoid Picking or Squeezing: Resist the urge to pick, squeeze, or pop acne lesions, as this can increase inflammation and lead to scarring.
  • Professional Treatments: Consider professional treatments such as chemical peels, laser therapy, or microneedling under the guidance of our aesthetic professionals.